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A Re-examination of Brown v. Bd. of Ed in Baltimore

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by Alton H. Maddox, Jr.

May 17, 2014 will be the sixtieth anniversary of Brown v. Bd. of Ed.  The lead case should have been Briggs v. Elliot which was about transportation and not education in South Carolina.  The first case, alphabetically, is usually the lead case in the U.S. Supreme Court.  The “Dixiecrats” were able to make Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka the lead case.  This would take the spotlight off of the Jim Crow South.

Prior to Brown v. Bd. of Education, the lead case on Jim Crow schools was City of Boston v. Roberts.  It was decided in 1850 and it established a “separate but equal” precedent.  Charles Sumner and the first Black civil rights attorney, Robert Morris, Sr., handled the case for the plaintiff, Sarah Roberts.  In 1855, the Massachusetts legislature would reverse this decision through legislation.

In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Plessy v. Ferguson, constitutionalized the “separate but equal” precedent in the field of transportation.  Mulattos had sought to distinguish themselves from Blacks.  They sought to supplant English law with French law.  The Louisiana Purchase did not help “house Negroes” but it did help “field Negroes” because of the Haiti uprisings.  Mulattos were unable to get past the one-drop rule.

Cumming v. Richmond Co. Bd. of Ed arose three years after Plessy v. Ferguson.  White parents had complained, under Plessy v. Ferguson, that Black students at Ware High School in Augusta, GA were receiving a superior education to white students.  Affirmative action, even by Blacks, is unconstitutional. The U.S. Supreme Court held that despite its holding in Plessy v. Ferguson, Black students were only entitled to an eighth grade education. This allowed most counties and cities in the South to lack high schools.

New York State Attorney General Eliot Spitzer used Cumming v. Richmond Co. Bd. of Ed to argue that Black students in New York City were only entitled to an eighth grade education.  Mayor William de Blasio is using this same argument to maintain a dual system of education in pre-K.  Mentacide is an attack on young Black children.

A tribute will be held for me in Atlanta, GA on Friday, May 23, 2014.  Tawana Brawley will come out of hiding.  She will be the special guest.  I will be hosting a legal seminar on the following day in a traditional classroom for all investors in the Brawley struggle.  This seminar will be based on Black history, legal history, military science and critical thinking.  Attorneys and those, who seek wealth through Black history and culture, should study this announcement.

Afterwards, I will be headed to the Gullah Festival to honor our revered ancestors including Aaron Alpeoria Bradley, an attorney who President Andrew Johnson imprisoned for demanding reparations in Georgia after he had been disbarred in New York.  The “Empire State” has disbarred every Black attorney who has fought militantly for his clients.

You will hear this interview on Saturday, May 17, 2014 on WFBR-AM (1590) in Baltimore, MD at noontime.  This interview by Bro. Daren Muhammad may also be streaming on the Internet at wfbr1090tune-inradio.com.  You may also access www.speaker.com or darenstateofthecity.com.

Alton Maddox will be interviewed by Bro. Ras Kofi on Thursday May 15, 2014 at 3:00 p.m .on WRFG-FM (89.3)  in Atlanta to discuss the tribute being held for him in Atlanta, GA on Friday, May 23, 2014 at Hagar’s Palace in the historic Bronner Bros. Building, 19 Joseph E. Lowery Blvd.   The struggle for Tawana Brawley must be sustained.  Gov. Andrew Cuomo is behaving like his father, Gov. Mario Cuomo. 

Gov. Andrew Cuomo is openly extending favors to Steven Pagones while he is restricting the privilege of Alton Maddox to travel and Tawana’s privilege to earn a living.  Whites enjoy the constitutional right to travel.  It is supposed to be a constitutional right for everyone.  See the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Crandall v. Nevada (1868).

Tawana Brawley will be the special guest.  She will be joined by Dick Gregory, Cong. Cynthia McKinney and Dr. Leonard Jeffries, among others.  Dr. Jeffries is a member of the historic Bronner family.  He is also a member of the Maddox family.  Sis. Karen Mason is heading “Friends of Alton Maddox” and she is the “mover and shaker” behind this well-deserved tribute.

Bro. Ras Kofi’s program can be heard by Internet (wrfg.org) and on WWW.TUNE-IN.ORG.  There will be additional details about the tribute and also about a seminar on legal reasoning and the need for Blacks to revisit the Thirteenth Amendment.  Slavery is still in effect in 2014.

Only Blacks can sue for group defamation including “standing” to mount an attack on Donald Sterling and the Los Angeles Clippers.  The Anti-Defamation League does not enjoy this right. I will be explaining the right to sue for group defamation.  Blacks own this cause of action.  It should be used against Donald Sterling for starters.

Too honest for the White Press and too black for much of today’s Black Press; bullet columnist Alton Maddox upsets the same people and status quo as he did as an uncompromising Defense Attorney. He is also a founding member of the Freedom Party. Please support the movement to Reinstate him. Contact him at c/o UAM P.O. BOX 35 BRONX, NY 10471

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