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U. S. Supreme Court Determines Black Citizenship

by Alton H. Maddox, Jr.

In 1857, Chief Justice Roger Taney of the U.S. Supreme Court wrote the decision in Dred Scott stating that “no Negro has any rights that whites are bound to respect”. Our revered ancestors demanded that Congress frame the Fourteenth Amendment to overturn Dred Scott. Blacks also gave their lives on the battlefield to overturn this decision.

In 1873, the U.S. Supreme Court wrote in Slaughterhouse Cases that Dred Scott is still in effect because Blacks have dual citizenship with no rights under national citizenship and arbitrary rights under state citizenship. This means that the federal government can look the other way in Amadou Diallo and Sean Bell.

Blacks, in reliance on the NAACP for guidance, have questioned neither Slaughterhouse Cases nor United States v. Cruickshank. These cases and Plessy v. Ferguson all arose in Louisiana. They all amounted to contrived litigation. Blacks have to depend on whites for legal representation.

By refusing to interpret the Fourteenth Amendment by its clear language, the U.S. Supreme Court reinstated Dred Scott under Marbury v. Madison. Even though Black troops in 1812 saved New Orleans, under Andrew Jackson, Louisiana officially ushered in Jim Crow in this country in 1896.

Today, most Blacks have never heard of Colfax, LA. In 1873, former Confederate soldiers slaughtered 280 Blacks for peacefully assembling on the grounds of the parish courthouse. White racists made the courthouse grounds, ironically, a slaughterhouse a day before the decision in Slaughterhouse Cases. The Supreme Court employed Dred Scott to decide that nobody’s civil rights in Colfax, LA had been violated because of the pogrom.

When Republicans talk about “judicial activism”, they should be asked to read the Reconstruction cases. The Supreme Court ignored a constitutional mandate and put its own spin on the Reconstruction amendments. The rights that Blacks won on the battlefield were stolen in the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court also stole presidential elections from voters in 1876 and 2000. Florida was the culprit in both presidential elections.

There will be an overnight stay at an all-suites hotel, a social hour on Saturday evening and a complimentary buffet-breakfast on Sunday morning. The final session will be a summary of the trip at the historic YMCA in DC. Thurgood Marshall and other Black lawyers would use this venue for an overnight stay and to map a strategy for an assault on Jim Crow which culminated in Brown v. Bd. of Ed. There were Jim Crow public accommodations in Washington, DC in the 1950’s.

Since Black parents and guardians are unable to pay the full cost of an overnight summer camp for two weeks with activities that surpass any white camp, United African Movement must engage in aggressive fundraising activities. The costs are prohibitive. Our children are priceless.

Financial support of Freedom Retreat for Boys and Girls is like buying stock in a corporation. No Shareholders! No Corporation! The dividend is the survival of African peoples. As Frederick Douglass said, “you may not get everything you pay for but you will pay for everything you get.”

When I wrote an op-ed column in the New York Amsterdam News, it was not for my economic health. Truth is outlawed in any mythological colony. Whites will not sponsor our liberation and Blacks will readily finance their own oppression. Profits from newspapers come from its advertisers. A newspaper can be given away.

When I send out an e-mail, comparable to the writings that I submitted free in the Am News, there are no white sponsors. I am writing more today than when I was writing in the Am News. The motive: “[Ignorance] is the Negro’s burden and America’s shame”. Blacks are governed by a Negro morontocracy. It is not a democracy.

On [one of it’s] broadcast, ABC News announced that ninety percent of all jobs emanating from the recovery were going to men. Of course, ABC News gave no reason for this phenomenon. It is certain that its listening audience is unable to connect the dots. There must be a frame of reference.

I submit that it starts with the 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia. This was a secret proceeding. The Illuminati was present. All of the delegates were white males. Only white men with money, land or both could vote. Whites will not allow anyone who refuses to co-sign to these governmental actions to participate in the debate.

1. Why are men the primary beneficiaries of obtaining jobs today?
2. Is there any connection between the 1787 Constitutional Convention and Barack Obama beating any women to the White House?
3. Is there any connection under the 1787 Constitutional Convention between the Fifteenth Amendment being ratified in 1870 and the Nineteenth Amendment being ratified in 1920?
4. Is there any connection under the 1787 Constitutional Convention between Black men being admitted to practice law before any Black woman was admitted to the practice of law.
5. Does the 1787 Constitutional Convention give more credits to soldiers than it gives to pacifists and why did George Washington become this nation’s first president under the U.S. Constitution?

Ghana’s Constitution may be more than what meets the eye. There is a close relationship between Africans in Ghana and Africans in the United States. Ghana is a popular destination for Blacks in the United States. Some Blacks have set up shop in Africa.

Thurgood Marshall may be a contributing factor to this close relationship. It did not hurt that Kwame Nkrumah was Ghana’s first head of state and the colors of the UNIA are prominent in its flag. Nkrumah, like Marshall, also matriculated at Lincoln University in Pennsylvania.

The experience of the Freedom Party, since 1994, demonstrates that shortcuts fall far short of spelling success. A political party should first pen a constitution. Trying to collect signatures before penning a constitution is like putting the cart before the horse. “Those who fail to learn from the lessons of history are condemned to repeat them”.

In 1994, the Freedom Party collected 53,000 signatures when 15,000 valid signatures would have done the job. The Freedom Party collected 43,000 valid signatures in 2010 and acquired ballot access. Nonetheless, the NYPD and the AP conspired under the New York Election Law to keep Blacks politically voiceless.

If litigation against the New York Board of Elections fails to get airborne, the Freedom Party will hit a homerun in 2014. In the meantime, its supporters will learn how to write a visionary constitution and by-laws starting now. Beforehand, Blacks have never written a constitution for a political party in the United States. This will be a challenge.

Too honest for the White Press and too black for much of today’s Black Press; bullet columnist Alton Maddox upsets the same people and status quo as he did as an uncompromising Defense Attorney. He is also a founding member of the Freedom Party. Contact him at c/o UAM P.O. BOX 35 BRONX, NY 10471

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